Cholera

Cholera

June 13, 2019 0 By Ɓukasz Durajski

It is a dangerous infectious disease of the digestive tract. Caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae.

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The infection occurs after eating contaminated food or drinking infected, unboiled water.

The disease occurs in developing countries in Africa, Asia, Central and South America. Currently, cholera most often occurs in the form of local epidemics in regions with low sanitary conditions.

From time to time, we hear about local cholera epidemics. Haiti is such an example and 2010 was the year 150 people died because of cholera.

Symptoms

Most cases are asymptomatic. The incubation period is from several hours to 5 days. It is characterized by intense, watery diarrhea, without abdominal pain and without a feeling of pressure on the stool. In 24 hours we can give as much as 30 liters of watery stool. Later, there are further symptoms: vomiting, thirst, muscle tremor or anuria. Fever does not need to occur. After 24 hours, symptoms of a drop in blood pressure or kidney failure may already occur. We see patient’s confusion.

Treatment

The basis of treatment is oral irrigation. We need to refill electrolytes.

Approximately 3 – 5 million cases and as much as 100,000 deaths are reported annually. Mortality from cholera is 1-2%.

Prophylaxis

First of all, the basic rules of eating and drinking meals of proven origin and heat treated. An effective form of protection is an oral vaccine.

Cholera in Poland

Cholera does not occur in Poland, although there have been huge epidemics in our history. However, in June 2019. The Chief Sanitary Inspector confirmed the case of a cholera patient in Poland, he is a seaman from India.

Bibliography:

  1. https://www.mp.pl/pacjent/choroby-zakazne/choroby/zakazenia-bakteryjne/165143,cholera
  2. https://www.medycynatropikalna.pl/chorobazakazna/17/cholera
  3. https://szczepieniadlapodrozujacych.pl/choroby-tropikalne/cholera
  4. http://szczepienia.pzh.gov.pl/szczepionki/cholera/